184.108.40.206 "The site shall assess local activities and the site environment to identify any risks that may have an adverse impact on product safety and implement controls for any identified risks. The assessment shall be reviewed in response to any changes in the local environment or activities. The construction and ongoing operation of the premises on the site shall be approved by the relevant authority." 220.127.116.11 "Floors shall be constructed of smooth, dense, impact-resistant material that can be effectively graded, drained, impervious to liquid, and easily cleaned. Floors shall be sloped to floor drains at gradients suitable to allow the effective removal of all overflow or wastewater under normal working conditions. Where floor drainage is not available, plumbed options to handle overflow or wastewater shall be in place." 18.104.22.168 Drains shall be constructed and located so they can be easily cleaned and not present a hazard. 22.214.171.124 Waste trap system shall be located away from any pet food handling area or entrance to the premises. 126.96.36.199 "Walls, partitions, ceilings, and doors shall be of durable construction. Internal surfaces shall have an even and regular surface and be impervious with a light-colored finish and shall be kept clean (refer to 4.2.5). Wall-to-wall and wall-to-floor junctions shall be designed to be easily cleaned and sealed to prevent the accumulation of pet food debris." 188.8.131.52 Ducting, conduit, and pipes that convey services such as steam, water, or air shall be designed and constructed to prevent the contamination of pet food, ingredients, and pet food contact surfaces and allow ease of cleaning. 184.108.40.206 Pipes carrying sanitary waste or wastewater that are located directly over product lines or storage areas shall be designed and constructed to prevent the contamination of pet food, materials, ingredients, and pet food contact surfaces, and shall allow ease of cleaning. 220.127.116.11 Doors, hatches, and windows and their frames in pet food processing, handling, or storage areas shall be of a material and construction that meets the same functional requirements as for internal walls and partitions. Doors and hatches shall be of solid construction and windows shall be made of shatterproof glass or similar material. 18.104.22.168 Product shall be processed and handled in areas that are fitted with a ceiling or other acceptable structure that is constructed and maintained to prevent the contamination of products. Drop ceilings, where present, shall be constructed to enable monitoring for pest activity, facilitate cleaning, and provide access to utilities. 22.214.171.124 Stairs, catwalks, and platforms in pet food processing and handling areas shall be designed and constructed so as not to present a product contamination risk, and with no open grates directly above exposed pet food contact surfaces. They shall be free from debris and maintained. 126.96.36.199 Lighting in pet food processing and handling areas and at inspection stations shall be of appropriate intensity to enable the staff to carry out their tasks efficiently and effectively. 188.8.131.52 "Light fixtures in processing areas, inspection stations, ingredient and packaging storage areas, and all areas where the product is exposed shall be shatterproof, manufactured with a shatterproof covering, or fitted with protective covers and recessed into or fitted flush with the ceiling. Where fixtures cannot be recessed, structures must be protected from accidental breakage, manufactured from cleanable materials, and addressed in the cleaning and sanitation program." 184.108.40.206 Light fixtures in the warehouse or other areas where product is covered or otherwise protected shall be designed such as to prevent breakage and product contamination. 220.127.116.11 If online inspection is required, a suitable area close to the processing line shall be provided for the inspection of product (refer to 2.4.4). The inspection/quality control area shall be provided with facilities that are suitable for examination and testing of the type of product being handled/processed. The inspection area shall: 18.104.22.168 "All external windows, ventilation openings, doors, and other openings shall be effectively sealed when closed and proofed against dust, vermin, and other pests. External personnel access doors shall be effectively insect-proofed and fitted with a self-closing device and proper seals to protect against entry of dust, vermin, and other pests." 22.214.171.124 External doors, including overhead dock doors in pet food handling areas used for product, pedestrian, or truck access, shall be designed and maintained to prevent pest ingress by at least one or a combination of the following methods: 126.96.36.199 Electric insect control devices, pheromone, or other traps and baits shall be located and operate so as not to present a contamination risk to the product, packaging, containers, or processing equipment. Poison rodenticide bait shall not be used inside ingredient of product storage areas or processing areas where ingredients, packaging, and product are handled, processed, or exposed. 188.8.131.52 Adequate ventilation shall be provided in enclosed processing and pet food handling areas. 184.108.40.206 All ventilation equipment and devices in product storage and handling areas shall be adequately cleaned as per 4.2.5 to prevent unsanitary conditions. 220.127.116.11 Extractor fans and canopies shall be provided in areas where open cooking operations are carried out or a large amount of steam is generated. Capture velocities shall be sufficient to prevent condensation build-up and to evacuate all heat, fumes, and other aerosols to the exterior via an exhaust hood positioned over the cooker(s). 18.104.22.168 Fans and exhaust vents shall be insect-proofed and located so as not to pose a contamination risk and be kept clean. 22.214.171.124 Specifications for equipment and utensils and procedures for purchasing equipment shall be documented and implemented. 126.96.36.199 Equipment and utensils shall be designed, constructed, installed, operated, and maintained to meet any applicable regulatory requirements and so as not to pose a contamination threat to products. 188.8.131.52 Equipment storage rooms shall be designed and constructed to allow for the hygienic and efficient storage of equipment and containers. Where possible pet food contact equipment shall be segregated from non-pet food contact equipment. 184.108.40.206 Product contact surfaces and those surfaces not in direct contact with pet food in pet food handling areas, raw material storage, packaging storage, and cold storage areas shall be constructed of materials that will not contribute to a food safety risk. 220.127.116.11 Benches, tables, conveyors, mixers, mincers, graders, and other mechanical processing equipment shall be hygienically designed and located for appropriate cleaning. Equipment surfaces shall be smooth, impervious, and free from cracks or crevices. 18.104.22.168 Product containers, tubs, and bins used for edible and inedible material shall be constructed of materials that are non-toxic, smooth, impervious, and readily cleaned as per 22.214.171.124. Bins used for inedible material shall be clearly identified. 126.96.36.199 All equipment and utensils shall be cleaned after use (refer to 188.8.131.52) or at a set and validated frequency to control contamination and stored in a clean and serviceable condition to prevent microbiological or cross-contact allergen contamination. 184.108.40.206 Vehicles used in pet food contact, handling, or processing zones or in cold storage rooms shall be designed and operated so as not to present a food safety hazard. 220.127.116.11 Non-conforming equipment shall be identified, tagged, and/or segregated for repair or disposal in a manner that minimizes the risk of inadvertent use, improper use, or risk to the integrity of finished product. Records of the handling, corrective action, and/or disposal of non-conforming equipment shall be maintained. 18.104.22.168 A suitable external environment shall be established, and the effectiveness of the measures shall be monitored and periodically reviewed. The premises, its surrounding areas, storage facilities, machinery, and equipment shall be kept free of waste or accumulated debris and vegetation controlled so as not to attract pests and vermin or present a food safety hazard to the sanitary operation of the site. 22.214.171.124 Paths, roadways, and loading and unloading areas shall be maintained so as not to present a hazard to the food safety operation of the premises. They shall be adequately drained to prevent pooling of water. Drains shall be separate from the site drainage system and regularly cleared of debris. 126.96.36.199 Paths from amenities leading to site entrances shall be effectively sealed. 188.8.131.52 The methods and responsibility for the maintenance and repair of plant, equipment, and buildings shall be documented, planned, and implemented in a manner that minimizes the risk of product, packaging, or equipment contamination. 184.108.40.206 "Routine maintenance of plant and equipment in any pet food processing, handling, or storage area shall be performed according to a maintenance control schedule and recorded. The maintenance schedule shall be prepared to cover building, equipment, and other areas of the premises critical to the maintenance of product safety and quality." 220.127.116.11 Failures of plant and equipment in any pet food processing, handling, or storage area shall be documented, reviewed and their repair incorporated into the maintenance control schedule. 18.104.22.168 Site supervisors shall be notified when maintenance or repairs are to be undertaken in any processing, handling, or storage area. 22.214.171.124 The maintenance supervisor and the site supervisor shall be informed if any repairs or maintenance activities pose a potential threat to product safety (i.e., pieces of electrical wire, damaged light fittings, and loose overhead fittings). When possible, maintenance is to be conducted outside operating times. 126.96.36.199 Temporary repairs, where required, shall not pose a food safety risk and shall be included in the cleaning program. There shall be a plan in place to address temporary repairs to ensure they do not become permanent solutions. 188.8.131.52 Pet food contact equipment and equipment located over pet food contact equipment shall be lubricated with food grade lubricants, and its use shall be controlled to minimize the contamination of the product. 184.108.40.206 Paint used in a pet food handling or contact zone shall be suitable for use, in good condition, and not used on any product contact surface. 220.127.116.11 Maintenance staff and contractors shall comply with the site’s personnel and process hygiene requirements (refer to 4.3). 18.104.22.168 All maintenance and other engineering contractors required to work on-site shall be trained in the site’s food safety and hygiene procedures or shall be escorted at all times until their work is completed. 22.214.171.124 Maintenance staff and contractors shall remove all tools and debris from any maintenance activity once it has been completed and inform the area supervisor and maintenance supervisor so appropriate hygiene and sanitation can be completed and a pre-operational inspection conducted prior to restarting site operations. 126.96.36.199 The methods and responsibility for calibration and re-calibration of measuring, testing, and inspection equipment used for monitoring activities outlined in pre-requisite programs, food safety plans and other process controls, or to demonstrate compliance with customer specifications, shall be documented and implemented. Software used for such activities shall be validated as appropriate. 188.8.131.52 Equipment shall be calibrated against national or international reference standards and methods or to an accuracy appropriate to its use. In cases where standards are not available, the site shall provide evidence to support the calibration reference method applied. 184.108.40.206 Calibration shall be performed according to regulatory requirements and/or to the equipment manufacturer’s recommended schedule. 220.127.116.11 Procedures shall be documented and implemented to address the resolution of potentially affected products should measuring, testing, and inspection equipment be found to be out of calibration state. 18.104.22.168 Calibrated measuring, testing, and inspection equipment shall be protected from damage and unauthorized adjustment. 22.214.171.124 A directory of measuring, testing, and inspection equipment requiring calibration and records of calibration tests shall be maintained. 126.96.36.199 A documented pest prevention program shall be effectively implemented. It shall: 188.8.131.52 Pest contractors and/or internal pest controllers shall: 184.108.40.206 Identified pest activity shall not present a risk of contamination to pet food products, raw materials, or packaging. 220.127.116.11 Pet food products, raw materials, or packaging that are found to be contaminated by pest activity shall be effectively disposed of and the source of pest infestation investigated and resolved. Records shall be kept of the disposal, investigation, and resolution. 18.104.22.168 Pesticides shall be clearly labeled and stored per 4.6.4 if kept on-site. 22.214.171.124 No animals shall be permitted on-site in pet food handling or storage areas. 126.96.36.199 The methods and responsibility for the effective cleaning of the pet food handling and processing equipment, environment, and storage areas shall be documented and implemented. Consideration shall be given to: 188.8.131.52 Detergents and sanitizers shall be suitable for use in a pet food manufacturing environment, labeled according to regulatory requirements, and purchased in accordance with applicable legislation. The organization shall ensure that detergents and sanitizers are stored as outlined in element 4.6.4 and are handled only by trained staff. 184.108.40.206 Detergents and sanitizers that have been mixed for use shall be correctly mixed according to manufacturers’ instructions, stored in containers that are suitable for use, and clearly identified. Mix concentrations shall be verified and records maintained. 220.127.116.11 Cleaning in place (CIP) systems where used shall not pose a chemical contamination risk to raw materials, ingredients, or product. CIP parameters critical to assuring effective cleaning shall be defined, monitored, and recorded (e.g., chemical and concentration used, contact time, and temperature). CIP equipment including spray balls shall be maintained and modifications to CIP equipment shall be validated. Personnel engaged in CIP activities shall be effectively trained. 18.104.22.168 Cleaning equipment, tools, racks, and other items used in support of the cleaning and sanitizing program shall be clearly identified, stored, and maintained in a manner that prevents contamination of processing, product handling equipment, and storage areas as well as the tools themselves. 22.214.171.124 Suitably equipped areas shall be designated for cleaning product containers, knives, cutting boards, and other utensils used by staff. These cleaning operations shall be controlled so as not to interfere with manufacturing operations, equipment, or product. Racks and containers for storing cleaned utensils shall be provided as required. 126.96.36.199 Pre-operational inspections shall be conducted following cleaning and sanitation operations to ensure pet food processing areas, product contact surfaces, equipment, staff amenities, sanitary facilities, and other essential areas are clean before the commencement of production. Pre-operational inspections shall be conducted by qualified personnel. 188.8.131.52 Staff amenities, sanitary facilities, and other essential areas shall be inspected by qualified personnel at a defined frequency to ensure the areas are clean. "184.108.40.206 The responsibility and methods used to verify the effectiveness of the cleaning procedures shall be documented and implemented. A verification schedule shall be prepared. A record of pre-operational hygiene inspections, cleaning and sanitation activities, and verification activities shall be maintained." 220.127.116.11 Personnel who are known to be carriers of infectious diseases that present a health risk to others through the packing or storage processes shall not engage in the processing or packing of pet food or enter storage areas where pet food is exposed. 18.104.22.168.1 The site shall have measures in place to prevent contact of materials, ingredients, pet food packaging, pet food, or pet food contact surfaces from any bodily fluids from open wounds, coughing, sneezing, spitting, or any other means. 22.214.171.124.2 In the event of an injury that causes spillage of bodily fluid, a properly trained staff member shall ensure that all affected areas including handling and processing areas have been adequately cleaned and that all materials and products have been quarantined and/or disposed of. 126.96.36.199 Personnel with exposed cuts, sores, or lesions shall not engage in handling or processing products or handling primary packaging or pet food contact surfaces. Minor cuts or abrasions on exposed parts of the body shall be covered with a colored bandage containing a metal strip or an alternative suitable waterproof and colored dressing. 188.8.131.52 All personnel shall have clean hands and hands shall be washed by all staff, contractors, and visitors: 184.108.40.206 Handwash stations shall be provided adjacent to all personnel access points and in accessible locations throughout pet food handling and processing areas as required. 220.127.116.11 Handwash stations shall be constructed of stainless steel or similar non-corrosive material and at a minimum supplied with: 18.104.22.168 The following additional facilities shall be provided in high-risk areas: 22.214.171.124 Signage in appropriate languages instructing people to wash their hands before entering the pet food processing areas shall be provided in a prominent position in break rooms, at break rooms exits, toilet rooms, and in outside eating areas as applicable. 126.96.36.199 When gloves are used, personnel shall maintain the handwashing practices outlined above. 188.8.131.52 The site shall undertake a risk analysis to ensure that the clothing and hair policy protects materials, pet food, and pet food contact surfaces from unintentional microbiological or physical contamination. 184.108.40.206 Clothing worn by staff engaged in handling pet food shall be maintained, stored, laundered, and worn so as not to present a contamination risk to products. 220.127.116.11 Clothing, including shoes, shall be clean at the commencement of each shift and maintained in a serviceable condition. 18.104.22.168 Excessively soiled uniforms shall be changed or replaced where they present a product contamination risk. "22.214.171.124 Disposable gloves and aprons shall be changed after each break, upon re-entry into the processing area, and when damaged. Non-disposable aprons and gloves shall be cleaned and sanitized as required and when not in use stored on racks provided in the processing area or designated sealed containers in personnel lockers and not on packaging, ingredients, product, or equipment." "126.96.36.199 Protective clothing shall be manufactured from material that will not contaminate pet food and is easily cleaned. All protective clothing shall be cleaned after use or at a frequency to control contamination and stored in a clean and serviceable condition to prevent microbiological or cross-contact allergen contamination." 188.8.131.52 Racks shall be provided for the temporary storage of protective clothing when staff leave the processing area and shall be provided nearby or adjacent to the personnel access doorways and handwashing facilities. 184.108.40.206.1 Jewelry and other loose objects shall not be worn or taken into a pet food handling or processing operation or any area where pet food is exposed. The wearing of plain bands with no stones, prescribed medical alert bracelets, or jewelry accepted for religious or cultural reasons can be permitted, provided they are properly covered and do not pose a food safety risk. 220.127.116.11.2 All exceptions shall meet regulatory and customer requirements and shall be subject to a risk assessment and evidence of ongoing risk management. 18.104.22.168 All visitors shall be trained in the site’s food safety and hygiene procedures before entering any pet food processing or handling areas or shall be escorted at all times in pet food processing, handling, and storage areas. 22.214.171.124 All visitors, including management staff, shall be required to remove jewelry and other loose objects in accordance with the facilities Good Manufacturing Practices and 126.96.36.199. All visitors shall wear suitable clothing and footwear when entering any pet food processing or handling area. 188.8.131.52 Visitors exhibiting visible signs of illness shall be prevented from entering areas in which pet food is handled or processed. 184.108.40.206 Visitors shall enter and exit pet food handling areas through the proper staff entrance points and comply with all handwashing and personnel practice requirements. 220.127.116.11 Staff amenities shall have documented cleaning procedures, be supplied with appropriate lighting and ventilation, and shall be made available for the use of all persons engaged in the handling and processing of product. 18.104.22.168 Change rooms shall be provided to enable staff and visitors to change into and out of protective clothing as required. Change rooms shall be kept clean. 22.214.171.124 High-risk change areas shall be provided for staff engaged in the processing of high-risk pet foods or processing operations in which clothing can be soiled. 126.96.36.199 Provision shall be made for staff to store their street clothing and personal items separate from clean uniforms, pet food contact zones, and pet food and packaging storage areas. 188.8.131.52 Where required, a sufficient number of showers shall be provided for use by staff. 184.108.40.206 Toilet rooms shall be: 220.127.116.11 Sanitary drainage shall not be connected to any other drains within the premises and shall be directed to a septic tank or a sewerage system in accordance with regulations. 18.104.22.168 Handwashing basins shall be provided immediately outside or inside the toilet room and designed as outlined in 22.214.171.124. 126.96.36.199 Separate break rooms shall be provided away from pet food contact/handling zone. Break rooms shall be: 188.8.131.52 Where outside eating areas are provided, they should be kept clean and free from waste materials and maintained in a manner that minimizes the potential for introduction of contamination, including pests to the site. 184.108.40.206 All personnel engaged in any pet food handling, preparation, or processing operations shall ensure that products and materials are handled and stored in such a way as to prevent damage or product contamination. They shall comply with the following processing practices: 220.127.116.11 Personnel working in or visiting pet food handling or processing operations shall ensure that: Staff shall not eat or taste any product being processed in the pet food handling/contact zone, except as noted in element 18.104.22.168; The wearing of false fingernails, false eyelashes, eyelash extensions, long nails, or fingernail polish is not permitted when handling exposed pet food; Hair restraints, and beard covers, where applicable, shall be used in areas where product is exposed. Smoking, chewing, eating, or spitting is not permitted in areas where product is produced, stored, or otherwise exposed. Drinking of water is permissible only under conditions that prevent contamination or other food safety risks from occurring. Drinking water containers in production and storage areas shall be stored in clear, covered containers and in designated areas away from raw materials, packaging, tools, or equipment storage. 22.214.171.124 The flow of personnel in pet food processing and handling areas shall be managed such that the potential for contamination is minimized. 126.96.36.199 In circumstances where it is necessary to undertake sensory evaluations in a pet food handling/contact zone the site shall implement controls and procedures to ensure: 188.8.131.52 Adequate supplies of potable water drawn from a known clean source shall be provided for use during processing operations, as an ingredient, and for cleaning the premises and equipment. The source of potable water shall be identified as well as on-site storage (if applicable) and reticulation within the facility. 184.108.40.206 Contingency plans shall be in place for instances when the potable water supply is deemed to be contaminated or otherwise inappropriate for use. 220.127.116.11 Supplies of hot and cold water shall be provided as required to enable the effective cleaning of the premises and equipment. 18.104.22.168 The delivery of water within the premises shall ensure potable water is not contaminated. Testing of the backflow system, where possible, shall be conducted at least annually and records shall be maintained. 22.214.171.124 The use of non-potable water shall be controlled such that: 126.96.36.199 Where water is stored on-site, storage facilities shall be adequately designed, constructed, and routinely cleaned to prevent contamination. "188.8.131.52 Water treatment methods, equipment, and materials, if required, shall be designed, installed, and operated to ensure water receives an effective treatment. Water treatment equipment shall be monitored regularly to ensure it remains serviceable." 184.108.40.206 Water used as an ingredient in processing or in cleaning and sanitizing equipment shall be tested and, if required, treated to maintain potability (refer to 220.127.116.11). 18.104.22.168 Treated water shall be regularly monitored to ensure it meets the specified indicators. Water treatment chemical usage shall be monitored to ensure chemical residues are within acceptable limit. Records of testing results shall be kept. 22.214.171.124 Water shall comply with local, national, or internationally recognized potable water microbiological and quality standards as required when used for: 126.96.36.199 Microbiological analysis of the water and ice supply shall be conducted to verify the cleanliness of the supply, the monitoring activities, and the effectiveness of the treatment measures implemented. Samples for analysis shall be taken at sources supplying water for the process or cleaning, or from within the site. The frequency of analysis shall be risk-based and at a minimum annually. 188.8.131.52 Water and ice shall be analyzed using reference standards and methods. 184.108.40.206 Ice provided for use during processing operations or as a processing aid or an ingredient shall comply with 220.127.116.11. 18.104.22.168 Ice that is purchased shall be from an approved supplier and included in the site’s food safety risk assessment. Ice shall be supplied in containers that are appropriate for use, cleanable if reused, and shall be tested as appropriate. 22.214.171.124 Ice rooms and receptacles shall be constructed of materials as outlined in element 4.1.2 and designed to minimize contamination of the ice during storage, retrieval, and distribution. 126.96.36.199 Compressed air or other gases (e.g., nitrogen, carbon dioxide) that contact pet food or pet food contact surfaces shall be clean and present no risk to food safety. 188.8.131.52 Compressed air systems, and systems used to store or dispense other gases that come into contact with pet food or pet food contact surfaces shall be maintained and regularly monitored for quality and applicable food safety hazards. The frequency of analysis shall be risk-based and at a minimum annually. 184.108.40.206 The site shall document and implement an effective storage plan that allows for the safe, hygienic receipt and storage of raw materials (i.e., frozen, chilled, and ambient), ingredients, packaging, equipment, and chemicals. 220.127.116.11 Controls shall be in place to ensure all ingredients, raw materials, processing aids, and packaging are received and stored properly to prevent cross-contamination risks. Unprocessed raw materials shall be received and stored separately from processed raw materials to avoid cross-contamination risk. 18.104.22.168 The responsibility and methods for ensuring effective stock rotation principles are applied shall be documented and implemented. 22.214.171.124 Procedures shall be in place to ensure that all ingredients, materials, work-in-progress, rework, and finished product are utilized within their designated shelf life. 126.96.36.199 5 Where raw materials, ingredients, packaging, equipment, and chemicals are held under temporary or overflow conditions that are not designed for the safe storage of goods, a risk analysis shall be undertaken to ensure there is no risk to the integrity of those goods and no contamination or adverse effect on food safety. 188.8.131.52 Records shall be available to verify alternate or temporary control measures for the storage of raw materials, ingredients, packaging, equipment, chemicals, or finished products. 184.108.40.206 The site shall provide confirmation of the effective operational performance of freezing, chilling, and cold storage facilities. Chillers, blast freezers, and cold storage rooms shall be designed and constructed to allow for the hygienic and efficient refrigeration of pet food and easily accessible for inspection and cleaning. 220.127.116.11 Sufficient refrigeration capacity shall be available to chill, freeze, store chilled, or store frozen the maximum anticipated throughput of product with allowance for periodic cleaning of refrigerated areas. "18.104.22.168 3 The site shall have a written procedure for monitoring temperatures, including the frequency of checks, and corrective actions if the temperature is out of specification Freezing, chilling, and cold storage rooms shall be fitted with temperature monitoring equipment that is located to monitor the warmest part of the room and be fitted with a temperature measurement device that is easily readable and accessible. Records shall be kept of frozen, cold, and chilled storage room temperatures." 22.214.171.124 Discharge from defrost and condensate lines shall be controlled and discharged to the drainage system. 126.96.36.199 Rooms used for the storage of product ingredients, packaging, and other dry goods shall be located away from wet areas and constructed to protect the product from contamination and deterioration and to prevent packaging from becoming a harborage for pests or vermin. 188.8.131.52 Racks provided for the storage of packaging shall be constructed of impervious materials and designed to enable cleaning and inspection of the floors and behind the racks. Storage areas shall be cleaned at a predetermined frequency. 184.108.40.206 Hazardous chemicals and toxic substances with the potential for pet food contamination shall be: i. Clearly labelled, identifying and matching the contents of their containers; ii. Included in a current register of all hazardous chemicals and toxic substances that are stored on-site; and iii. Supplemented with current Safety Data Sheets (SDS) made available to all staff. 220.127.116.11 Storage of hazardous chemicals and toxic substances shall be: 18.104.22.168 Hazardous chemicals and toxic substances shall be correctly labeled and: 22.214.171.124 Daily supplies of chemicals used for continuous sanitizing of water or as a processing aid, or for emergency cleaning of pet food processing equipment or surfaces in pet food contact zones, may be stored within or in close proximity to a processing area, provided that access to the chemical storage facility is restricted to authorized personnel. 126.96.36.199 Personnel who handle hazardous chemicals and toxic substances, including pesticides and cleaning chemicals: 188.8.131.52 The site shall dispose of empty, obsolete and unused chemicals, pesticides, toxic substances, and containers in accordance with requirements and ensure that primary containers are: 184.108.40.206 In the event of a hazardous spill, the site shall: 220.127.116.11 The practices applied during loading, transport, and unloading of pet food shall be documented, implemented, and designed to maintain appropriate storage conditions and product integrity. Pet food shall be loaded, transported, and unloaded under conditions suitable to prevent cross-contamination. 18.104.22.168 Vehicles (e.g., trucks, vans, containers) used for transporting pet food within the site and from the site shall be inspected prior to loading to ensure they are clean, in good repair, suitable for the purpose, and free from odors or other conditions that may impact negatively on the product. 22.214.171.124 Vehicles (e.g., trucks, vans, containers) shall be secured from tampering, using a seal or other agreed-upon and acceptable device or system. "126.96.36.199 Loading and unloading docks shall be designed to protect the product during loading and unloading. Loading practices shall be designed to minimize unnecessary exposure of the product to conditions detrimental to maintaining the product and package integrity during loading and transport." 188.8.131.52 Refrigerated units shall maintain the product at the required temperature and the unit’s temperature settings shall be set, checked, and recorded before loading, and the product temperature shall be recorded at regular intervals during loading as appropriate. 184.108.40.206 The refrigeration unit shall be operational at all times and checks completed of the unit’s operation, the door seals, and the storage temperature at regular intervals during transit. 220.127.116.11 On arrival, prior to opening the doors, the pet food transport vehicle’s refrigeration unit’s storage temperature settings and operating temperature shall be checked and recorded. Unloading shall be completed efficiently, and product temperatures shall be recorded at the commencement of unloading and at regular intervals during unloading. 18.104.22.168 Unloading practices shall be designed to minimize unnecessary exposure of the product to conditions detrimental to maintaining the product and package integrity. 22.214.171.124 The processing of high-risk pet food shall be conducted under controlled conditions such that sensitive areas in which high-risk pet food has undergone a “kill” step, a “food safety intervention,” or is subject to post- process handling, are protected/segregated from other processes, raw materials, or staff who handle raw materials to ensure cross-contamination is minimized. 126.96.36.199 Ambient air in high-risk areas shall be tested at least annually to confirm that it does not pose a risk to pet food safety. 188.8.131.52 Areas in which high-risk processes are conducted shall only be serviced by staff dedicated to that function. 184.108.40.206 Staff engaged in high-risk areas shall change into clean clothing and footwear or temporary protective outerwear when entering high-risk areas. Staff access points shall be located, designed, and equipped to enable staff to don distinctive protective clothing and to practice a high standard of personal hygiene to prevent product contamination. 220.127.116.11 Product transfer points shall be located and designed so as not to compromise high-risk segregation and to minimize the risk of cross-contamination. 18.104.22.168 Thawing of pet food shall be undertaken in equipment and rooms appropriate for the purpose. Equipment for water thawing shall be continuous flow to ensure the water exchange rate and temperature do not contribute to product deterioration or contamination. Water overflow shall be directed into the floor drainage system and not onto the floor or shall be appropriately plumbed. 22.214.171.124 Air thawing facilities shall be designed to thaw pet food under controlled conditions at a rate and temperature that does not contribute to product deterioration or contamination. 126.96.36.199 Provision shall be made for the containment and regular disposal of used cartons and packaging from thawed product so that there is no risk to the product. 188.8.131.52 The responsibility and methods used to prevent foreign matter contamination of the product shall be documented, implemented, and communicated to all staff. Inspections shall be performed (refer to 184.108.40.206) to ensure plant and equipment remain in good condition, equipment has not become detached or deteriorated, and is free from potential contaminants. 220.127.116.11.1 2 Containers, equipment, and other utensils made of glass, porcelain, ceramics, laboratory glassware, or other like material (except where the product is contained in packaging made from these materials, or measurement instruments with glass dial covers or MIG thermometers required under regulation) shall not be permitted in pet food processing /contact zones. 18.104.22.168.2 Where glass objects or similar material are required in pet food handling/contact zones, they shall be listed in a glass inventory, including details of their location and condition. 22.214.171.124 Regular inspections of pet food handling/contact zones shall be conducted (refer to 126.96.36.199) to ensure they are free of glass or other like material and to establish changes to the condition of the objects listed in the glass inventory. 188.8.131.52 Glass instrument dial covers on processing equipment and MIG thermometers shall be inspected at the start of each shift to confirm they have not been damaged. 184.108.40.206 In circumstances where glass or similar material breakage occurs, the affected area shall be isolated, cleaned, thoroughly inspected (including cleaning equipment and footwear), and cleared by a suitably responsible person prior to the start of operations. 220.127.116.11 Wooden pallets and other wooden utensils used in pet food processing and handling areas shall be dedicated for that purpose, clean, and maintained in good order. Their condition shall be subject to regular inspection. 18.104.22.168 Loose metal objects on equipment, equipment covers, and overhead structures shall be removed or tightly fixed so as not to present a hazard. 22.214.171.124 Knives and cutting instruments used in processing and packaging operations shall be controlled and kept clean and well maintained. Snap-off blades shall not be used in pet food manufacturing or storage areas. 126.96.36.199 Gaskets, rubber impellers, and other equipment made of materials that can wear or deteriorate over time shall be inspected on a regular frequency (refer to 188.8.131.52). 184.108.40.206 The responsibility, methods, and frequency for monitoring, maintaining, calibrating, and using screens, sieves, filters, or other technologies to remove or detect foreign matter shall be documented and implemented. 220.127.116.11 Where detection and/or removal systems are used, the site shall establish limits for detection based on a risk assessment of the product and its packaging and the location of the detector in the process. 18.104.22.168 Metal detectors or other physical contaminant detection technologies shall be routinely monitored, validated, and verified for operational effectiveness. The equipment shall be designed to isolate defective product and indicate when it is rejected. 22.214.171.124 Records shall be maintained of the inspection of foreign object detection devices, of any products rejected or removed by them, and of corrective and preventative actions resulting from the inspections. 126.96.36.199 In all cases of foreign matter contamination, the affected batch or item shall be isolated, inspected, reworked, or disposed of. Records shall be maintained of the disposition. 188.8.131.52 The responsibility and methods used to collect and handle dry, wet, and liquid waste and how to store it prior to removal from the premises shall be documented and implemented. 184.108.40.206 Waste shall be removed on a regular basis and not build up in pet food handling or processing areas. Designated waste accumulation areas shall be maintained in a clean and tidy condition until external waste collection is undertaken. 220.127.116.11 Waste and overflow water from tubs, tanks, and other equipment shall be discharged direct to the floor drainage system, or an alternative method that meets local regulatory requirements. 18.104.22.168 Trolleys, vehicle waste disposal equipment, collection bins, and storage areas shall be maintained in a serviceable condition, cleaned, and sanitized regularly so as not to attract pests and other vermin. 22.214.171.124 Adequate provision shall be made for the disposal of all solid processing waste including trimmings, inedible material, and used packaging. 126.96.36.199 Where applicable, a documented procedure shall be in place for the controlled disposal of trademarked materials or waste considered high-risk for handling or other reasons. Where a contracted disposal service is used, the disposal process shall be reviewed regularly to confirm compliance. 188.8.131.52 Inedible waste designated for animal feed shall be stored and handled so that it will not cause a risk to the animal or to further processing. If denaturant is used to identify inedible waste, it shall be demonstrated that it does not pose a risk to animal health. 184.108.40.206 Waste held on-site prior to disposal shall be stored in a separate storage facility and suitably insect proofed and contained so as not to present a hazard. 220.127.116.11 Adequate provision shall be made for the disposal of all liquid waste from processing and pet food handling areas. Liquid waste shall be either removed from the processing environment continuously or held in a designated storage area in lidded containers prior to disposal so as not to present a hazard. 18.104.22.168 Reviews of the effectiveness of waste management shall form part of regular site inspections (refer to 22.214.171.124) and the results of these inspections shall be included in the relevant inspection reports.