CGAM Air-Cooled Scroll Chiller: Recommended Annual Maintenance

Annual maintenance is a simple and cost-effective way to ensure your HVAC system is running at peak efficiency and to catch problems before they get serious.

CGAM Air-Cooled Scroll Chiller: Recommended Annual Maintenance

Annual maintenance is a simple and cost-effective way to ensure your HVAC system is running at peak efficiency and to catch problems before they get serious.


    Hazardous Voltage - Pressurized Burning Fluid!

    Failure to follow all electrical safety precautions could result in death or serious injury.

    Compressors on 110 and 120 ton, extra efficiency units, have strong permanent magnet motors that have the capability to generate voltage during situations when the refrigerant charge is being migrated. This potential will be present at the motor terminals and at the load side of compressor contactors.

    Before removing compressor terminal box cover for servicing, or servicing power side of control panel, CLOSE COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE SERVICE VALVE and disconnect all electric power including remote disconnects. Follow lockout/tagout procedures to ensure the power cannot be inadvertently energized.

    The compressor contains hot, pressurized refrigerant. Motor terminals act as a seal against this refrigerant. Care should be taken when servicing NOT to damage or loosen motor terminals.

    Do not operate compressor without terminal box cover in place.


    Hazardous Voltage!

    Failure to disconnect power before servicing could result in death or serious injury. Disconnect all electric power, including remote disconnects before servicing. Follow proper lockout/tagout procedures to ensure the power can not be inadvertently energized.

    Perform all maintenance procedures and inspection at the recommended intervals. This will prolong the life of the chiller and minimize the possibility of malfunctions.

    Use an “Operator’s Log” to record the unit’s operating history. The log serves as a valuable diagnostic tool for service personnel. By observing trends in operating conditions, an operator can anticipate and prevent problem situations before they occur.

    If the unit is not operating properly during maintenance inspections, see “Diagnostics,” p. 133.

    Recommended Maintenance


    Note: The electronic expansion valve is commanded closed at unit shutdown and if the unit is off, there will be no refrigerant flow through the sight glasses. Only when a circuit is running will refrigerant flow be present.

    The refrigerant flow through the sight glasses should be clear. Bubbles in the refrigerant indicate either low refrigerant charge or excessive pressure drop in the liquid line. A restriction in the line can sometimes be identified by a noticeable temperature differential between the two sides of the restriction. Frost may often form on the liquid line at this point. Correct refrigerant charges are shown in the General Data Tables.

    Important: A clear sight glass alone does not mean that the system is properly charged. Also check the system superheat, subcooling and unit operating pressures.

    NOTICE: Equipment Damage!

    If the CGAM chiller evaporator or evaporator water piping is drained of water, the evaporator immersion heater must be de-energized. Failure to de-energize the heater will cause it to burn out.

    Refrigerant and Oil Charge Management

    Proper oil and refrigerant charge is essential for proper unit operation, unit performance, and environmental protection. Only trained and licensed service personnel should service the chiller.

    Table 83 lists baseline measurements for CGAM units running at AHRI standard operating conditions. If chiller measurements vary significantly from values listed below, problems may exist with refrigerant and oil charge levels. Contact your local Trane office.

    TABLE 83

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      Note: Low temperature applications units will have values that vary from Table 83. Contact your local Trane office for more information.

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      Lubrication System

      Oil Level

      Oil should also be visible in the sight glass when the compressor is running. When operating, each compressor in a tandem or trio set may have a different oil level.

      To check compressor oil level, refer to the label near the compressor sight glass. The compressor(s) must be off. Wait three minutes. With tandem or triple compressors the oil level will equalize after shutdown. Compressor oil level should be clearly visible within the sight glass when the compressors are off.

      Important: If oil level is low, contact your local Trane office. Verify that ONLY Trane OIL00080 is used.

      Oil Testing

      Use Trane Oil Testing Kit KIT06815 only for testing lubricating oil in the Model CGAM chiller. Note that the POE oil used in this product is very hygroscopic and easily absorbs and retains moisture. The acceptable moisture content is less than 100 ppm and acceptable acid level is less than 0.5 TAN. Note that refrigerant and moisture is very difficult to remove from this oil using vacuum. Also note that once the seal on a container of POE oil is opened, the oil must be used.

      In the event of a compressor failure, always test the oil with an acid test kit to determine whether the compressor failure was mechanical or electrical. This is important because it dictates correct cleanup procedure.

      Round Tube Plate Fin Condensers

      RTPF Condenser Coil Cleaning

      ! WARNING

      Hazardous Chemicals!

      Coil cleaning agents can be either acidic or highly alkaline and can burn severely if contact with skin occurs. Handle chemical carefully and avoid contact with skin. ALWAYS wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) including goggles or face shield, chemical resistant gloves, boots, apron or suit as required.

      For personal safety refer to the cleaning agent manufacturer’s Materials Safety Data Sheet and follow all recommended safe handling practices. Failure to follow all safety instructions could result in death or serious injury.

      Clean the condenser coils at least once a year or more frequently if the unit is in a “dirty” environment. A clean condenser coil will help to maintain chiller operating efficiency. Follow the detergent manufacturer's instructions to avoid damaging the condenser coils.

      To clean the condenser coils use a soft brush and a sprayer such as a garden pump type or a high-pressure type. A high quality detergent such as Trane Coil Cleaner (Part No. CHM-00255) is recommended.

      Note: If detergent mixture is strongly alkaline (pH value greater than 8.5, an inhibitor must be added).

    Source: MaintainX (Community Member)

    Please note that any procedure, checklist, or other document available in the MaintainX Global Procedure Library is provided for general education and information only and does not constitute legal, medical, or financial advice. MaintainX makes the materials available AS IS and AS PROVIDED, without warranties of any kind. By downloading or using any such materials, you assume the risk that they may not be appropriate for your specific situation and agree that you are solely responsible for any such use, including compliance with applicable law and with meeting any conditions of product warranties.